A Brief History Of The Development Of Ice Making Machines
Browse articles:
Auto Beauty Business Culture Dieting DIY Events Fashion Finance Food Freelancing Gardening Health Hobbies Home Internet Jobs Law Local Media Men's Health Mobile Nutrition Parenting Pets Pregnancy Products Psychology Real Estate Relationships Science Seniors Sports Technology Travel Wellness Women's Health
Browse companies:
Automotive Crafts, Hobbies & Gifts Department Stores Electronics & Wearables Fashion Food & Drink Health & Beauty Home & Garden Online Services & Software Sports & Outdoors Subscription Boxes Toys, Kids & Baby Travel & Events

A Brief History Of The Development Of Ice Making Machines

A look at the history of Ice Making Machines from their conception in 1842 to present times.

The first ever patent for an Ice Machine was granted to John Gorrie in 1851, after he had perfected his 1842 invention of a system that was able to chill water to produce ice. However his plan to manufacture the machine for the general public was thwarted by a smear campaign led by Frederic Tudor, and the death of his partner. He died four years later in 1855, humiliated and financially ruined. He lays buried in Apalachicola, at Gorrie Square, and his original machine and plans are held at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Alexander Twining also received a patent for an Ice Making Machine in 1853. His experiments led to the first commercial refrigeration system in the USA (1856) and he also established the first practical method for bulk producing ice by artificial means.

A Scotsman living in Australia, working as a Newspaper Printer by the name of James Harrison developed an interest in refrigeration and ice making, and he began to experiment with ether vapour compression. His first Ice Making Machine was created in 1851, and it was soon followed in 1854 by a commercial version which was able to produce up to 3,000kg of ice per day. He was granted a patent for this system in 1855. His experiments with refrigeration continued and he is credited with helping to develop cooling systems and strategies to transport fresh frozen meats across the globe.

Professor Jürgen Hans also experimented with ice creation and in 1929 he successfully developed a machine that was capable of making ice that was edible. He started a company in 1932 in the name of his wife Külinda. By 1949 the company’s main business was the design and distribution of central air conditioning. These days the company still exists as a three way business. 1. Management and Consultancy. 2. Acquisitions and Merging. 3. Refrigeration.

In modern times Ice Making Machines exist in a variety of models to suit consumers’ needs.

There are Freezer Ice Makers that are part of household freezers. These freeze ice in moulded trays and the ice exits when a lever or button is pressed by the consumer.

Portable Ice Makers are the smallest and fastest ice makers available; they are free standing units that sit atop surface areas in kitchens or in public bars and restaurants. They do not keep the ice frozen, however they do recycle the water to ensure the ice production keeps moving.

Built in Ice Makers are produce specifically to fit under a counter, although they are also capable of standing freely. The ice is frozen quickly which causes air bubbles to become trapped in the ice, and this causes a cloudy and opaque look.

Industrial Ice Making Machines improve ice quality by using a moving water process. They produce very high quality, virtually pure, hard, clear ice.

Additional resources:

Need an answer?
Get insightful answers from community-recommended
in Science on Knoji.
Would you recommend this author as an expert in Science?
You have 0 recommendations remaining to grant today.
Comments (12)

Very nice information, i did not knew this much. Great work.

Precious Lebarnes

I have a special fascination for articles like this one. Learning new things about everyday objects such as "ice-making" is always fun. It builds new synapses in my brain. I shall definitely share this article with my hubby who is also equally fond of history/ trivia articles. I think schools and kids (and even adults like me) will benefit alot from reading your posts.


Very informative article on ice-making. Good reference material for ice-making enthusiasts.


Very nice written article. It is nice to know how some of these men and women back in the days created things that are very useful to us in the present future. Without these people we wouldn't have anything to live on so I give them full credit for their efforts and hard work they put in each day to make our lives better and so we can have things like this such as ice water.

Prosenjit Mandal

A very good and precise article regarding ice making. The person behind this invented a thoughtful machine which is very much required during hot, sunny days.

Kate Prince

The creation of ice makers have always fascinated me. One can't even imagine a drink without ice in sunny days, and its pretty versatile too (can use it with every drinks)

Nice article :D


very good article....i learn many good things about the ice making process


very nice article. Thanx ;)

Jang Geum

Thank you for sharing this. This is a very informative article. Good job!


I learned a lot of interesting things about Ice making and it made me want to learn more


Such an interesting article.


Thats a very good information on the ice making machines.. very informative. Keep up the good work friend